مقایسه باورهای معرفت شناسی دانشجویان بر اساس جنسیت، رشته و مقطع تحصیلی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد گرمسار، گرمسار، ایران

چکیده

هدف: این پژوهش با هدف مقایسه باورهای معرفت­ شناسی دانشجویان بر اساس جنسیت، رشته و مقطع تحصیلی انجام شد. روش: جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان منطقه 10 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی بود، که با استفاده از روش نمونه­ گیری خوشه­ای چند مرحله­ ای انتخاب شداند. در این پژوهش از پرسشنامه باورهای معرفت شناسی شومر استفاده شده است. یافته ­ها: یافته ­ها نشان داد که دانشجویان رشته­های مختلف، در باورهای معرفت­شناختی ساده بودن دانش 1 (به دنبال یک پاسخ بودن) و ثبات دانش با یکدیگر تفاوت معنی­دار دارند اما در سایر ابعاد تفاوت ندارند. مقایسه باورهای معرفت­ شناسی دانشجویان بر اساس مقطع تحصیلی نیز نشان داد که به غیر از ساده بودن دانش و وقوف بر همه چیز، سایر ابعاد در مقاطع مختلف تحصیلی تفاوت معنی­ دار دارند. مقایسه باورهای معرفت­ شناسی در دو جنس نشان داد که دختران به ثبات دانش باور بیشتری نسبت به پسران دارند. اما در ابعاد دیگر تفاوتی بین آن­ها دیده نشد. نتیجه­ گیری: بنابراین می­­ توان باورهای معرفت شناختی را یکی از فرایندهای شناخت اجتماعی دانست. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The comparison of Epistemology beliefs among university students based on gender, educational levels and disciplines

نویسنده [English]

  • Davood Manavipour
چکیده [English]

Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare the epistemology beliefs of students based on gender, educational levels, and disciplines. Method: The population included all the students of district 10 of Azad University who were selected using multistage cluster sampling. The research instrument was Schommer’s epistemology belief questionnaire. Results: The results showed that the students of different disciplines have significant differences in simple epistemology beliefs and stable knowledge, but they do not have significant differences in other dimensions. The comparison of Epistemology belief based on educational level showed that except for simplicity of knowledge and awareness of everything, the other aspects are significantly different. The comparison of the two genders showed that girls believe in stability of knowledge more than males. But there was no  difference in other dimensions. Conclusion: based on the results,  the epistemological beliefs can be considered as one of the processes of social cognition.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Epistemology beliefs
  • social cognition
  • Gender
  • educational levels
  • disciplines
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