رابطه بین چشم انداز زمان با جهت گیری هدف، تعلل تحصیلی و پیشرفت تحصیلیِ دانشجویان دانشکده‌های مختلف دانشگاه خلیج فارس

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه خلیج فارس بوشهر

چکیده

مقدمه: چشم­انداز زمان چگونگی ادراک یا ارزیابی شخص از گذشته، حال و آینده را مشخص می­کند. چشم­انداز زمان، ساختار شناختی ناهشیاری دارد که فرد در هنگام     تصمیم­گیری درباره اعمال و اهداف کوتاه‌مدت یا بلندمدت به کار می­برد. هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین نقش واسطه­ای جهت­گیری هدف در رابطه بین چشم انداز زمان، پیشرفت تحصیلی و تعلل تحصیلی دانشجویان بود. روش: به این منظور 424 نفر (223 زن، 201 مرد) از دانشجویان دانشکده­های مختلف (ادبیات، مهندسی، علوم پایه) دانشگاه خلیج‌فارس بوشهر به روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای انتخاب شدند و به مقیاس چشم­انداز زمان زیمباردو (ZTPI، فرم 56 سؤالی)، مقیاس آینده متعالی (TFTPS)، مقیاس جهت­گیری هدف 2×3 (3 × 2 AGQ-S) و پرسش­نامه تعلل ورزی تحصیلی (TPS) پاسخ دادند. جهت تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده­ها از مدل معادلات ساختاری استفاده شد. یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که رابطه­ مستقیم بین چشم­انداز زمان و جهت­گیری هدف معنی‌داری بود؛ و رابطه­ی بین چشم­انداز زمان و تعلل تحصیلی معنادار بود. رابطه­ی غیرمستقیم جهت­گیری هدف و تعلل تحصیلی با پیشرفت تحصیلی معنادار بود. همچنین رابطه­ی غیرمستقیم چشم انداز زمان از طریق جهت­گیری هدف با پیشرفت تحصیلی معنادار بود. به علاوه رابطه­ی غیرمستقیم چشم­انداز زمان از طریق تعلل تحصیلی با پیشرفت تحصیلی معنادار بود. نتایج مدل معادلات ساختاری حکایت از برازندگی مدل مفروض تحقیق داشت. نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به یافته­ها می­توان گفت که جهت­گیری هدف نقش واسطه­ای مهمی در رابطه­ی بین چشم­انداز زمان، پیشرفت تحصیلی و تعلل تحصیلی ایفا می­کند. بر این اساس با در نظر گرفتن نقش    چشم­انداز زمان، افزایش آگاهی نسبت جهت­گیری هدف و تعلل تحصیلی می­توان پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان را بهبود بخشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between the Time Perspective and Achievement Goal, the Academic Procrastination and Academic Achievement of Students in Various Colleges of the University of the Gulf

نویسندگان [English]

  • said mousa golestaneh 1
  • Seyed Ali Afshin 2
  • Yusef Dehghani 1
2 college student
چکیده [English]

Aim: Time perspective identifies a person's perception or assessing of past, present, and future. Time perspective, has an unconscious cognitive structure that a person uses in decision-making on short-term or long-term goals and actions. The aim of this study was to examine the mediating role of achievement goal in the relationship between time perspective, academic achievemen, and students' academic procrastination. Method: For this purpose, 424 (223 female, 201 male) students from different faculties (Literature, Engineering, Science) of the Persian Gulf University of Bushehr were selected by cluster sampling method and responded to the Zimbardo Time Perspective Scale (ZTPI, the form of 56 questions), Transcendental Future Time Perspective Scale (TFTPS), Measuring Target Scale 3×2 (3×2 AGQ-S), and the Academic Procrastination Scale (TPS). Structural Equation Modeling was used to analyze the data. Results: The results showed a direct significant relationship between the time perspective and achievement goal. Besides, there was a significant relationship between time perspective and academic ­procrastination and a significant indirect relationship between achievement goal and academic procrastination. Also, the indirect relationship between time perspective through achievement goal with academic achievement was significant. In addition, the indirect relationship between time perspective through academic procrastination and academic achievement was significant. Results of Structural Equation Modeling indicated the fitness of the supposed model in the study. Conclusion:  According to the findings, it can be said that time perspective has an important mediating role in achievement goal in the relationship between academic achievement and academic procrastination. Accordingly, taking into account the time perspective role and raising awareness of achievement goal and academic procrastination can improve students' academic achievement.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Time Perspective
  • Academic Achievement
  • Academic Procrastination
  • Achievement Goal

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