بررسی تفاوت‌های فردی در حافظه هیجانی با توجه به حساسیت پردازش محرک‌های حسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری روان شناسی دانشگاه ارومیه

2 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی دانشگاه ارومیه

3 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا

4 دانشیار روان شناسی دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

مقدمه: هیجان می ­تواند کدگذاری و فرایند تحکیم رویدادها در حافظه را تسهیل نماید. از این رو، هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی حافظه هیجانی بر اساس ابعاد حساسیت پردازش حسی بالا و پایین بود. روش: به این منظور، ابتدا 500 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان از طریق  نمونه ­گیری خوشه ­ای چند مرحله­ای از دانشکده­ ها انتخاب گردیدند، پس از تحلیل نتایج اولیه تعداد 45 نفر از آنان بر اساس نمرات انتهایی توزیع (Z استاندارد) در مقیاس حساسیت پردازش حسی انتخاب شده و در نهایت به منظور آزمون فرضیه­ های پژوهش، شرکت­کنندگان جهت سنجش حافظه هیجانی مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. در مرحله اول تصاویر هیجانی برای شرکت‌کنندگان نماش داده شد و در مرحله دوم بافاصله زمانی 15 روز میزانی بازشناسی تصاویر هیجانی مرحله اول ارزیابی گردید. جهت بررسی نتایج پژوهش، داده ­ها پس از جمع­آوری با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیره، کوواریانس تک متغیره، آزمون­های تعقیبی تحلیل شدند. یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد که بین سه گروه آزمودنی بر اساس حساسیت پردازش حسی تفاوت معناداری در ابعاد حافظه هیجانی وجود دارد. به طوری که گروه با حساسیت پردازش حسی بالا (HSP) در مرحله اول بازیابی حافظه هیجانی، در بیشتر مؤلفه‌های حافظه هیجانی از افراد با حساسیت پردازش حسی پایین (LSP) نمرات بالاتری را کسب کردند. اما در مرحله دوم بازیابی حافظه هیجانی، افراد با حساسیت پردازش حسی پایین (LSP) عملکرد بهتری داشتند. نتیجه ­گیری: به نظر می­رسد که تفاوت­ در میزان حساسیت نسبت به پردازش محرک­های حسی به عنوان یک جنبه زیستی، نقشی مؤثر در کدگذاری و تحکیم خاطرات هیجانی بازی می­کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Study on Individual Differences in Emotional Memory Regarding the Processing Sensitivity of Sesnsory Stimuli

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sohrab Amiri 1
  • Ali Isazadegan 2
  • Abolghasem Yaghobi 3
  • Mohammad Hossein Abdollah 4
1 Ph.D. Urmia University of Psychology
2 Associate Professor of Psychology, Urmia University
3 Associate Professor of Psychology, Bu-Ali Sina University
4 Associate Professor of Psychology, Kharazmi University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Emotion could facilitate memory encoding and consolidation processes. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate emotional memory based on high and low sensory processing sensitivity. Method: For this purpose, first, 500 students in Bu Ali Sina University in Hamadan's were selected through a multistage cluster sampling. After the initial data analysis, 45 students were selected based on final score distribution (Z Standard) in Sensory Processing Sensitivity Scale. Then, to test the hypothesis of this study, the participants were studied for evaluating their emotional memory. In the first phase, some emotional images were displayed to participants, and in the second stage with a 15-day time interval, the recognition rate for the first stage of emotional images was evaluated. To evaluate the results of the study, collected data were analyzed by using MANCOVA, univariate covariance and post hoc tests. Result: The results showed significant differences in emotional memory between three groups based on sensory processing sensitivity: Participants with high sensory processing sensitivity (HSP) in the first stage of emotional memory retrieval gained higher in most components of emotional memory compared with individuals with low sensory processing sensitivity (LSP). However, in the second stage of emotional memory retrieval, people with low sensory processing sensitivity (LSP) had a better performance. Conclusion: It seems that difference in the sensitivity to sensory stimuli processing, as a biological aspect, plays an effective role in encoding and consolidation of emotional memories.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sensory processing sensitivity
  • emotional memory
  • individual differences
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