اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر تعهد و پذیرش بر باورهای غیرمنطقی و سوگیری توجه نسبت به محرک‌ها با بار هیجانی منفی، در دختران نوجوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور

3 کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

چکیده:هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر باورهای غیرمنطقی و سوگیری توجه نسبت به محرک‌ها با بار هیجانی منفی، در دختران نوجوان انجام گرفته است. روش: این پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون - پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را تمامی دختران پایه دوم دبیرستان شهر قم که در سال تحصیلی 95-94 مشغول به تحصیل بوده‌اند تشکیل داد. حجم نمونه نهایی این پژوهش 40 نفر از دختران با باورهای غیرمنطقی بالا بودند که به شیوه نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش (20 نفر) و کنترل (20 نفر) گمارش شدند. ابزار پژوهش، مقیاس باورهای غیرمنطقی جونز و آزمون پروب دات بود. بسته درمانی مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد که توسط هیس، استروسال و ویلسون (1999) ساخته شده است، در قالب 6 جلسه (هفتگی) 90 دقیقه‌ای بر روی گروه آزمایش اجرا گردید. داده‏ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیره (آنکوا) مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته‌ها: یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد که درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر باورهای غیرمنطقی دختران نوجوان اثربخش نیست (05/0

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Irrational beliefs and bias toward incentives with negative emotions in adolescent girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdieh Rahmanian 1
  • Mahdi Dehestani 2
  • Seyedeh Fatemeh Alavi Barogh 3
1 Asistant Professor of Psychology Group in Payam Noor University
2 Associate Professor of Psychology in Payam Noor University
3 M.A of Psychology in Payam Noor University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This study aimed to investigate effectiveness acceptance and commitment therapy on irrational beliefs and bias toward incentives with negative emotions in adolescent girls. Methods: This study used a Semi-experimental design with pretest - posttest with the control group. The study population included all high school grade female students studying in Qom that had been formed in the school year 95-94. The final sample size of 40 girls with irrational beliefs were high that the sampling method chosen and randomly divided, were counted into two groups (n = 20) and control (n = 20). Instruments included Jones Irrational Beliefs Scale and the dot-probe test. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy by Hayes, Astrvsal and Wilson (1999) built-in 6 sessions on experimental group was 90 minutes. Data were analyzed using univariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Results: Research results show that Acceptance and commitment therapy is not effective on irrational beliefs teen girls (p > 0/05), but were significant effects on bias toward incentives with negative emotions (p ≤ 0/01). Conclusion: Generally Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) because of increasing psychological flexibility and client relationship is established with time makes also lead to action by changing the values of individual references to cross be, can be treated as a psychological-of the right to reduce attentional bias to negative emotional triggers respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Irrational beliefs
  • bias toward incentives
  • adolescent
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