تحلیل عاملی تاییدی و همسانی درونی نسخة فارسی مقیاس عدم تعهد به اخلاق مدنی در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری روان شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور

2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

مقدمه: پژوهش حاضر با هدف آزمون روایی عاملی مقیاس عدم تعهد به اخلاق مدنی (CMDS) در بین گروهی از دانشجویان ایرانی انجام شد. روش: در مطالعه همبستگی حاضر، از جامعة دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، 364 دانشجو (192 پسر و 172 دختر) با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و به مقیاس عدم تعهد به اخلاق مدنی پاسخ دادند. به منظور تعیین روایی عاملی مقیاس عدم تعهد به اخلاق مدنی از روش­های آماری تحلیل عامل تأییدی و به منظور بررسی همسانی درونی آن از ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد. یافته ­ها: نتایج تحلیل عاملی تاییدی بر پایه نرم­افزار AMOS نشان داد که در نمونة دانشجویان ایرانی ساختار چندبُعدی مقیاس عدم تعهد به اخلاق مدنی شامل توجیه اخلاقی، زبان مبتنی بر حُسن تعبیر، مقایسه سودمند، جابجایی مسئولیت، انتشار مسئولیت، تحریف پیامدها، اسناد سرزش و شخصیت­زدایی با داده­ها برازش مطلوبی داشت. مقادیر ضرایب همسانی درونی پرسشنامة کفایت و مهارت­های هیجانی برای مولفه­های توجیه اخلاقی، زبان مبتنی بر حُسن تعبیر، مقایسه سودمند، جابجایی مسئولیت، انتشار مسئولیت، تحریف پیامدها، اسناد سرزش و شخصیت­زدایی به ترتیب برابر با 85/0، 82/0 و 79/0 به دست آمد.نتیجه ­گیری: در مجموع،نتایج مطالعة حاضر نشان داد که CMDS برای سنجش سازة چندبُعدی «عدم تعهد به اخلاق مدنی» در دانشجویان ایرانی ابزاری روا و پایا است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Internal Consistency of the Civic Moral Disengagement Scale-Farsi Version among University Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali khodaei 1
  • omid shokri 2
1 Ph.D Psychology, Payame Noor University
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology Group, Shahid Beheshti University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the Civic Moral Disengagement Scale (CMDS, 2009) among a group of Iranian students. Method: In this correlational study, 364 students (192 male and 172 female) were selected from the undergraduate students of Shahid Beheshti University using available sampling method who responded to the Civic Moral Disengagement Scale-Farsi Version. To determine the internal validity and internal consistency of the scale, the confirmatory factor analysis and cronbach alpha formula were used respectively. Results: The results of confirmatory factor analysis based AMOS software showed that multi-factor structure of Civic Moral Disengagement Scale-Farsi Version consisted of moral justification, euphemistic language, advantageous comparison, displacement of responsibility, diffusion of responsibility, distorting consequences, attribution of blame and dehumanization had good fit with data. Internal consistency for the moral justification, euphemistic language, advantageous comparison, displacement of responsibility, diffusion of responsibility, distorting consequences, attribution of blame and dehumanization was 0/88, 0/82 and 0/79 respectively. Conclusion: In sum, these findings provide evidence for the validity and reliability of the Civic Moral Disengagement Scale-Farsi Version as an instrument to measure the “Civic Moral Disengagement” among Iranian university students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Factorial validity
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • Civic Moral Disengagement Scale-Farsi Version (ESCQ-FV)
  • Internal Consistency
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