نقش واسطه‌ای مقایسه اجتماعی در رابطه با حمایت اجتماعی ادراک شده والدین و همسالان با مادی‌گرایی در دانش آموزان دوره متوسطه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران مرکز

2 دانشجوی دکترا روانشناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی / تهران مرکز

3 دانشجوی دکترا دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی / تهران مرکز

چکیده


هدف: هدف از این پژوهش بررسی اثرگذارترین متغیرها بر مادی‌گرایی و همچنین تبیین رابطه بین آن‌ها بود. روش: پژوهش حاضر به شیوه پژوهش‌های همبستگی از نوع مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری انجام شده است. جامعه پژوهش همه دانش آموزان دوره متوسطه شهر تهران را در بر می‌گرفت که از بین آنان تعداد 300 نفر به‌صورت تصادفی خوشه‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزارها شامل مقیاس ارزش‌گذاری مادی (MVS)، مقیاس حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده (PSSS) و ابزار سنجش مقایسه اجتماعی بود. یافته‌ها: مدل به دست آمده برازش مناسبی با داده‌ها داشت. حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده والدین و حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده همسالان با میانجی‌گری مقایسه اجتماعی تأثیر غیرمستقیم و مثبتی بر مادی‌گرایی داشتند و تأثیر مستقیم و مثبت مقایسه اجتماعی بر مادی‌گرایی معنادار بود. همچنین بیشترین تأثیر کل متعلق به حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده همسالان بود. نتیجه‌گیری: یافته‌های این پژوهش با یافته‌های پژوهش‌های مشابه قبلی مطابقت داشته و از روابط مفروض در مدل حمایت می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Mediating Role of Social Comparison in the Relationship Between Materialism and Perceived Social Support of Parent and Peers in High School Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • mojgan sepahmansour 1
  • zahra barati 2
  • fatemeh hossin Gholi 3
1 Assistant professor, Branch Tehran Markaz, Islamic Azad University
2 Phd student of Psychology, Branch Tehran Markaz, Islamic Azad University
3 Phd student of Psychology, Branch Tehran Markaz, Islamic Azad University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of this research was studying the most effective variables on materialism and explaining the relationships among them. Method: The study was conducted through structural equation modeling. The population included all high school students in Tehran and from among them 300 people were selected through cluster sampling. The instruments included Material Values Scale (MVS), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS), and Social Comparison Instruments. Results: The results showed that the obtained model has a suitable goodness of fit with the data. Parents' and peers' social support with the mediating role of social comparison have indirect and positive effect on materialism. Furthermore, the direct and positive effect of social comparison on materialism was significant and the highest total effect belonged to peers' support. Conclusion: The findings of this study matched the findings of some similar researches and provide a robust support for the hypothesized structural relationships

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Materialism
  • Perceived Parent Support
  • Perceived Peer Support
  • Social Comparison
  • Structural Equation Modeling
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