بررسی روابط ساختاری بین بخشش، رضایت از زندگی و سلامت عمومی در دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه روان شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشجوی دکتری روان شناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف از انجام پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثر بخشش بر سلامت عمومی از طریق رضایت از زندگی در دانشجویان بود. روش: در این مطالعه علّی ـ همبستگی، جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز لامرد و دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد لامرد می­باشند که در نیم­سال دوم سال تحصیلی 93ـ92 مشغول به تحصیل بودند. 166 نفر از دانشجویان (67 نفر دختر و 99 نفر پسر) با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی چند مرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای استفاده شده در این پژوهش مقیاس گرایش به بخشش هارتلند (HFS)، پرسشنامه رضایت از زندگی (SWLS) و مقیاس سلامت عمومی (GHQ-28) بودند. ارزیابی الگوهای پیشنهادی با استفاده از الگویابی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) بر اساس نرم‌افزار AMOS-16 انجام گرفت. یافته‌ها: تحلیل­های الگویابی معادلات ساختاری نشان دادند که الگوی پیشنهادی برازنده داده­ها است، بر اساس نتایج مدل پیشنهادی، بخشش هم به‌صورت مستقیم و هم غیرمستقیم از طریق رضایت از زندگی با سلامت عمومی رابطه دارد. نتیجه‌گیری: بر مبنای این نتایج می‌توان گفت که افراد با بخشیدن خطاهای خود و دیگری، احساس رضایت و شادمانی را برای خود به ارمغان می‌آورند و مشکلات و ناراحتی‌های جسمانی و روانی خود را تقلیل می‌دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of Structural Relationship among Forgiveness, Life Satisfaction, and General Health in Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossin Zare 1
  • Fatemeh Amini 2
1 professor of Psychology, Payame moor University
2 Phd student of Psychology, Payame moor University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of forgiveness on general health through life satisfaction in students. Method: The study was based on the causal correlation method, and the statistical population consisted of all the students of Payam Nour and Azad University of Lamerd in the second semester of the academic year 2013-2014. The sample of the study consisted of 166 (99 male and 67 female) students which were selected by multistage random sampling. Data collection tools were Heartland Forgiveness Scale (HFS), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Structural equation modeling (SEM) through AMOS-16 and SPSS-16 software packages was used for data analysis. Results: Analysis of structural equation modeling indicated that the default model of effect of forgiveness on general health through life satisfaction fit the data. Further analysis revealed that forgiveness had indirect and direct significant relationship with general health through life satisfaction. Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be said that people bring themselves feelings of satisfaction and happiness and reduce their physical and mental problems and discomforts by forgiving their own mistakes and those of others.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Forgiveness
  • Life Satisfaction
  • General health
  • path analysis
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