اثربخشی القا رفتار جامعه پسند بر سلامت روانی و جسمانی: نقش شفقت خود و بهوشیاری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترا روانشناسی سلامت دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد روان شناسی دانشکده روان شناسی دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار روان شناسی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

مقدمه: رابطه رفتار جامعه پسند و سلامت روان معمولاً با نتایج متناقض همراه شده است. در این پژوهش نشان داده شد جامعه پسندی به‌عنوان خصیصه­ا‌ی شخصیتی چگونه با سلامت جسمانی و روانی همراه و در چه صورت به طور ناسالم به کار گرفته می ­شود. روش: پژوهش دربرگیرنده دو مطالعه بود. در مطالعه اول، تعداد 220 دانشجوی دانشگاه تهران (مرد:95 و زن: 125) پرسشنامه جامعه پسندی بالارد (1992) شفقت خود ریس و همکاران (2011)، بهوشیاری براون و رایان (2003)، سرزندگی رایان و فردریک (1997)، سلامت عمومی گلدبرگ (1997) و چک‌لیست علائم جسمانی بارتون (1995) را تکمیل کردند. در مطالعه دوم افراد با شفقت خود بالا و پایین در دو موقعیت ترغیب و عدم ترغیب به جامعه پسندی مقایسه شدند و سپس علائم جسمانی آن­ها سنجیده شد. یافته­ها: نتایج همبستگی و تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد جامعه پسندی با شفقت خود و بهوشیاری رابطه مثبت دارد ولی اگر با شفقت خود و بهوشیاری همراه نشود قادر به پیش بینی سلامت جسمانی و روانی نیست. مقایسه گروه‌ها نیز نشان داد افراد با شفقت خود بالا در مقایسه با افراد دارای شفقت خود پایین هنگام انجام رفتار موردپسند، علائم منفی جسمانی کمتری  دارند.نتیجه گیری: رفتار جامعه پسند زمانی سازگار است که با فرآیندهای خودتنظیمی مانند بهوشیاری و شفقت همراه شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Social Desirable Behavior Induction on Physical and Mental Health: The Role of Self-Compassion and Mindfulness

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamed khashanaki 1
  • Nima Ghorbani 2
  • Javad Hatami 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Psychology, University of Tehran
3 Associate Professor of Psychology, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Introduction:  Research shows a controversy concerning the relationship between social desirability and physical and mental health. The aim of the present study was to examine how social desirability as a personality trait is associated with physical and mental health and how it has been misused. Method: The research design included two studies. In the first study, a sample of 220 students (95 males and 125 female) from the University of Tehran completed the Social Desirability (Balard, 1992), Self-Compassion (Raes et al, 2011), Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (Brown & Ryan, 2003), Subjective Vitality (Ryan & frederick, 1997), General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg et al, 1997), and Symptom Checklist (Bartone, 1995). In the second study, the persons with high and low self-compassion were exposed to socially desirable and common situation, then their physical symptoms were evaluated. Results: The correlation and regression analysis showed that social desirability had a positive relationship with self-compassion and mindfulness, but if it not associate with self-compassion and mindfulness, it might not predict physical and mental health. The comparison of groups also showed that high self-compassionate persons  compared to low self-compassionate persons had some less negative symptoms during experience of socially desirable behaviour.Conclusion: A socially desirable behaviour might be compatible when it has been associated with self-regulation processes including mindfulness and self-compassion.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social desirability
  • Physical and Mental Health
  • Mindfulness
  • self-compassion
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