نقش فعالیت بدنی در سوگیری توجه به تصاویر تیپ بدنی و نارضایتی از تصویر بدنی در بانوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

گروه رفتار حرکتی، دانشکده تربیت بدنی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز ، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: سوگیری توجه به تصاویر بدنی می­ تواند با نارضایتی از تصویر همراه گردد و باتوجه به نقش تسهیل­ کننده ورزش بر سلامت بنابراین هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش فعالیت بدنی در سوگیری توجه به تصاویر تیپ بدنی و نارضایتی از تصویر بدنی در بانوان می­ باشد. روش: طرح پژوهش حاضر به روش علّی ـ مقایسه‌ای و همبستگی انجام گرفت. بدین منظور در 130 بانو شرکت­ کننده در فعالیت­ های ورزشی (65 نفر) و بدون مشارکت ورزشی (65 نفر که با گروه فعال همگن گردیده بودند) سوگیری توجه و نارضایتی از تصویر بدنی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. آزمایه دات پروب برای بررسی سوگیری توجه و پرسشنامه چندبعدی خود ـ بدن  برای بررسی نارضایتی از تصویر بدنی مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. برای بررسی ارتباط بین نمرات حاصل از سوگیری توجه و نارضایتی از تصویر بدنی از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و برای بررسی نقش فعالیت بدنی و برای مقایسه این متغیرها در دو گروه فعال و غیرفعال آزمون تی مستقل استفاده شد. یافته ­ها: بررسی نتایج نشان داد که سوگیری توجه به تصاویر تیپ بدنی با نارضایتی از تصویربدنی به صورت مستقیم و معنادار بوده و تفاوت معناداری در نارضایتی از تصویر بدنی و سوگیری توجه دو گروه وجود دارد به ­طوری­که افراد فعال نارضایتی از تصویر بدنی کمتری نسبت به دیگر گروه داشتند و ارزیابی بهتر بدن و تصویر بدنی مثبت‌تر اجزای بدن در گروه فعال می ­باشد. نتیجه­ گیری: به نظر می­ رسد معیارهای غیر­واقعی زیبایی و تناسب اندام و انتظارات افراد از بدن خود و دیگران با داشتن فعالیت ورزشی و بدنی مناسب می ­تواند تغییر یابد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of Physical Activity in Attentional Bias to Body Pictures and Body Image Dissatisfaction in Women

نویسنده [English]

  • mahta eskandarnejad
motor behavior, physical education faculty, university of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Attentional biases are thought to contribute to body image dissatisfaction and due to the role of sports facilitation on health, the aim of this research was to study the role of physical activity in attentional bias to body pictures and body image dissatisfaction in women. Method: The research was causal-comparative and correlational. In 130 participants who had participated in sports (n=65) and no participated in sport (n=65) that were homogenized with active group, attentional bias and body image dissatisfaction were investigated. Dot-probe task was used for attentional bias and multidimensional body-self relations questionnaire was used for body image dissatisfaction. Pearson test was used to examine the correlation between attentional bias and body image dissatisfaction. To evaluate the role of physical activity and compare these variables in two groups, independent t-test was used. Results: The results showed a significant relationship between attentional bias and body image dissatisfaction and there was a significant difference between the two groups in these variables that non-active group showed significant high body image dissatisfaction. There was better assessment of body and more positive image of the body limbs in the active group. Conclusion: It seems that unrealistic measurement of beauty and fitness and the expectations of individuals' body itself and others might be changed with appropriate sports and physical activity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Body image dissatisfaction
  • Attentional bias
  • Sport Participation
  • Athlete women
  • Non-athlete women
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