عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: According to Sandra Bem, children are active in forming their gender roles and even may have more stronger gender stereotypes than their parents. Also, according to gender schema theory, gender development in children is not only influenced by their cognitive development, but also society has effective role in its formation. Therefore, the aim of this research was to study the psychometric characteristics of Boldizar`s Children`s Sex Role Inventory (1991) in Iranian population. Method: The statistical sample of this research included 483 male and female elementary students graded forth, fifth and sixth in Tehran City that wer randomly selected by multi-phases clustering sampling. The research instrument was Boldizar`s Children`s Sex Role Inventory (1991). For studying the scale`s reliability and validity, Cronbach`s alpha coefficient and confirmatory factor analysis were used respectively. Results: Cronbach`s alpha coefficient showed that Children`s Sex Role Inventory has high reliability in masculinity, femininity and neutral factors and Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the model has good fitness in determining factors in the primary form expressed by Boldizar (1991). Also, the results of normalization showed that median of masculinity and femininity in the sample were respectively 2.8 and 2.7. Conclusion: According to the research results, regarding the social-cognitive changes in Iran society, Boldizar`s Children`s Sex Role Inventory for studying Tehran elementary students sex role is a reliable and valid tool.