کفایت هیجانی در دختران نوجوان بر اساس بهزیستی ادراک شده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

2 دانشیار روان شناسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

3 استادیار روان شناسی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

 





مقدمه: بهزیستی ادراک شده (فاعلی) با دربرداشتن مؤلفه‌های هیجانی و شناختی، یکی از مهم­ترین عوامل م رتبط با سلامت روانی و جسمی قلمداد می­شود. این پژوهش درصدد بررسی مقایسه­ای مضمون کفایت هیجانی در دو گروه دختران نوجوان ایرانی با ادراک بیشتر و کمتر بهزیستی بود. روش: با استفاده از نمونه­گیری موارد شدید و در نظر داشتن حداکثر تنوع شرایط، داده­ها از طریق سه روش مصاحبه­های عمیق (10 نفر)، تکمیل جملات ناتمام (37 نفر) و نوشتار روایتی (32 نفر) گرداوری شد و بر اساس تحلیل مضمونی براون و کلارک، تحلیل محتوا انجام شد. یافته­ها: یافته­ها پنج مضمون کلی را نشان داد که یکی از آن‌ها مضمون کفایت هیجانی بود. کفایت هیجانی متشکل از هفت‌ طبقه‌ شناخت هیجانی، مدیریت هیجان‌های خود، مدیریت هیجانی در روابط متقابل، توجه به هیجان‌های دیگران و همدلی، ابراز هیجان­ها، میزان امید در باور و عملکرد و تعادل در شور و هیجان برای مضمون کفایت هیجانی بود. نتیجه‌گیری: این طبقه­ها با توجه به مبانی فرهنگی و نظری مورد بحث قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Emotional Competence of Adolescent Girls Based on Their Subjective Well-Being

نویسندگان [English]

  • Naghmeh Taghva 1
  • Parviz Azadfallah 2
  • Fereshteh Mootabi 3
1 MS.C. in Psychology, Tarbyat Modares of Khorasegan
2 Associate of Professor in Psychology, Tarbyat Modares of Khorasegan
3 Assistant of Professor in Psychology, Azad University of Kermanshah
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Subjective Well-Being (SWB), which includes emotional and cognitive elements, is one of the most important factors related to psychological and physical health. This study aimed at comparing emotional competence in two groups of Iranian adolescent girls with high and low SWB. Method:  Intensity sampling with regard to maximum variation was utilized to select the participants. The data were gathered using in depth interviews (10 girls), incomplete sentences (37 girls), and narrative writing (32 girls). Results: The results demonstrated seven sub-themes of emotional competence theme including: Recognition of emotions, Self-management of emotions, Management of emotions in relationships, Caring for others’ emotions and Empathy, Expressing emotions, level of hope in thought, and Balance of passion. Conclusion: These sub-themes were discussed based on cultural and theoretical frameworks.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Subjective Well-Being
  • Emotional Competence
  • Adolescent Girls
  • Thematic Analysis
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