تحول شناخت اجتماعی بر اساس نظریه ذهن در کودکان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 استاد گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

3 و دانشجوی دکترای روانشناسی دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: نظریه ذهن یکی از مهمترین مباحث شناخت اجتماعی می باشد و از آنجا که پیش نیازی برای درک محیط اجتماعی و درگیری در رفتارهای اجتماعی رقابت آمیز است، طی دهه­های اخیر در عرصه روان­شناسی مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. بنابراین، هدف اساسی پ‍ژوهش حاضر بررسی تحول شناخت اجتماعی بر اساس نظریه ذهن و مقایسه نظریه ذهن در سه گروه از کودکان 3، 5 و 7 ساله می­ باشد. روش: برای این منظور 150 نفر از کودکان مذکور از شهرستان رشت به روش نمونه­ گیری خوشه­ ای مرحله­ ای انتخاب شدند و به آزمون 38 سوالی نظریه ذهن پاسخ دادند. داده­ ها با استفاده از روش تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره و آزمون تعقیبی در سطح معنی­ داری01/0≥ α مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. یافته­ ها: یافته ­ها نشان دادند که بین سه سطح نظریه ذهن در سه گروه مذکور تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد، به این صورت که آزمودنی­ های سنین بالاتر نسبت به آزمودنی­ های سنین پایین­ تر در همه سطوح نظریه ذهن، نمرات بالاتری را اخذ نمودند. نتایج: مبتنی بر یافته­ های پژوهش حاضر می­ توان اذعان نمود که کودکان با افزایش سن در سیر تحولی خود به سطوح متمایزی از نظریه ذهن دست می­ یابند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Development of Social Cognition in theory of mind in children

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Asghar Kako Jouybari 1
  • Farhad Shaghaghi 2
  • Majid Baradaran 3
1 Associate Professor of Psychology, Payame Noor University
2 Professor of Psychology, Payame Noor University
3 And Ph.D. student of psychology at Payame Noor University
چکیده [English]

Aims: Theory of mind is one of the most important topics in social cognition, and since, it is a prerequisite to understand the social environment and involvement in competitive social behavior, in recent decades has gained attention in the field of psychology. Therefore, the main purpose of the present study was the development of social cognition in children based on the theory of mind and comparison of theory of mind in three groups of  3, 5 and 7 years old children. Method: 150 children from Rasht city were selected by multiphase cluster sampling and completed the theory of mind scale (TMS-38). Data were analyzed in α≤0.01 significance level by multivariate analysis of variance and follow-up test. Results: The results showed that there were significant differences in levels of theory of mind between the three groups. In this case, the older subjects compared with younger subjects, obtained higher scores at all levels of theory of mind. Conclusions: According to the findings, children together with increase in age in their evolution, achieve distinct levels of theory of mind.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social cognition
  • Theory of Mind
  • Development
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