سبک‌های تصمیم‌گیری و ذهن آگاهی و ذهن‌خوانی: مطالعه ارتباط این سازه‌ها در یک گروه غیر بالینی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان شناسی دانشگاه پیام‌نور

2 دانشجوی دکترای روان شناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف مطالعه حاضر، بررسی ارتباط توانایی ذهن آگاهی و ذهن‌خوانی با هر یک از سبک‌های تصمیم‌گیری منطقی، اجتنابی، وابسته و شهودی در دانشجویان بود. روش: بدین منظور 182 دانشجو (71 مرد و 111 زن) به روش تصادفی چندمرحله‌ای از دانشگاه‌های شهرستان بناب انتخاب شدند و پرسشنامه‌های سبک‌های تصمیم‌گیری اسکات و بروس (1995)، پرسشنامه مهارت ذهن آگاهی کنتاکی (KIMS) و آزمون ذهن‌خوانی از طریق تصویر چشم (RMET) را تکمیل کردند. یافته‌ها: طبق یافته‌ها، توانایی ذهن آگاهی و ذهن‌خوانی با سبک‌های تصمیم‌گیری منطقی و شهودی رابطه مثبت و با سبک وابسته رابطه منفی معناداری داشتند. توانایی ذهن‌خوانی با سبک اجتنابی نیز رابطه منفی معناداری داشت. همچنین، سبک‌های تصمیم‌گیری منطقی و وابسته، توسط هردو متغیر ذهن آگاهی و ذهن‌خوانی، قابل پیش‌بینی بودند؛ اما سبک اجتنابی و شهودی را فقط توانایی ذهن‌خوانی پیش‌بینی می‌کرد. نتیجه‌گیری: بنابراین به نظر می‌رسد با آموزش مهارت ذهن آگاهی و تقویت توانایی ذهن‌خوانی، می‌توان تصمیم‌گیری در افراد را بهبود بخشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Decision Making Styles and Mindfulness and Mind Reading: The Study of These Structures Relationship in a Non-Clinical Group

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Saffarinia 1
  • rogayeh mohammadi 2
  • Samira Hasanzadeh 2
2 دانشجوی دکترا
چکیده [English]

Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between mindfulness and mind reading ability and decision-making styles of rational, avoidant, dependent, and intuitive university students. Method: For this purpose, 182 students (71 males and 111 females) were selected from Bonab universities via multi-stage random sampling and completed the questionnaires of Scott and Bruce's Decision-Making Styles Inventory (1995), Kentucky’s Inventory of Mindfulness Skills (KIMS), and Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET). Results: According to the findings, there was positive relationship between mindfulness and mind reading ability and rational and intuitive decision-making styles. Besides, there was a significant negative relationship with dependent decision-making style. There was also significant negative relationship between mind reading ability and avoidant decision-making style. In addition, rational and dependent decision-making styles were predictable by both mindfulness and mind reading variables. But, avoidant and intuitive styles were only predicted by mind reading ability. Conclusion: According to the findings, it seems that people's decision making can be improved by mindfulness skill training and strengthening the ability of mind reading.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Decision Making Styles
  • Mindfulness
  • Mind Reading
  • university students

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